The city of Madinah Al-Munawarah is the capital of Madinah Province. It hosts the Mosque of the Prophet of Islam named in Arabic Al-Masjid An-Nabawi which is the second most holy place in Islam after the Kaaba in Mekkah. As such it is also the second most important site of Islamic pilgrimage.
Madinah is located on the east of the Hejaz mountains which is part of the 2 000 kilometer long Sarawat mountains running from Yemen to Jordan. It lays in a volcanic area as attested to by the presence of the massive lava fields of the Harrat Khaybar on the north and the Harrat Rahat on the south whose ancient lava flows stretch till the south of the modern city.
The city is surrounded by a number of mountains which have religious and historical significance: Al-Hujaj, or Pilgrims’ Mountain to the West; Salaa to the north-west; Al-E’er or Caravan Mountain to the south; and Uhud to the north. Madinah is situated on a flat mountain plateau at the junction of the three valleys of Al-Aql, Al-Aqiq, and Al-Himdh which provide water to large green areas amidst a dry mountainous region.